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Generic guidelines for rehabilitation of borrow pits on linear pipeline projects

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. J.T. Harmse en
dc.contributor.author Beukes, Werner
dc.date.accessioned 2010-03-10T06:27:16Z
dc.date.available 2010-03-10T06:27:16Z
dc.date.issued 2010-03-10T06:27:16Z
dc.date.submitted 2008-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3072
dc.description M.Sc. en
dc.description.abstract This study focuses on the rehabilitation of borrow pits on linear pipeline projects. In the past there have been many attempts to rehabilitate borrow pits to an ecological acceptable manner. Recently legislation has become more stringent regarding mine closure and rehabilitation. With the introduction of the new Mineral and Petroleum Development Act (MPRDA 28 of 2002), there has been an increase of awareness towards the immediate environment. As this project was a challenge in itself, there were no clear and concise methods in the Act that provide guidelines for final rehabilitation. Normally borrow pits as used on road concessions for material sourcing is left as different landforms like before excavation. The main reason for this is that materials are removed from the pits and not replaced, resulting in areas that are usually lower than their original ground levels. Some unwanted screened material will return to these borrow pits but will not complement what the original level should be. These borrow pits are usually clearly visible as low lying areas filled with water alongside roads. The Vaal River Eastern Subsection Augmentation Project (VRESAP) pipeline borrow pits were unique in the sense that not only material from screening activities were replaced, but also material excavated from the trench were replaced into the borrow pits. What makes this study unique is the fact that an opportunity was presented and clearly stipulated by the standard environmental management plan (SEMP) that borrow pits had to be filled back to their original ground levels or an acceptable level agreed on by the landowner. With this unique project, unique problems arose causing excess material amounting to 327 700 m³, available from the pipeline cavity. External spoil areas had to be promulgated and managed as part of site. This study through its various elements addresses some of the main problems encountered on VRESAP by looking at soil analysis, monitoring regimes, pre and post land use and other mechanisms from literature studies used on similar projects in the mining industry. vii The study also provides recommendations to the reader for future pipeline developments as well as conclusions made by the author. The recommendations made, include ways of rehabilitation planning through trials and errors made on site. Various conclusions were made that would substantiate this study in perspective to user-friendly and practical approaches. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Abandoned mined lands reclamation en
dc.subject Rehabilitation technology en
dc.subject Borrow pits en
dc.subject Mpumalanga (South Africa) en
dc.title Generic guidelines for rehabilitation of borrow pits on linear pipeline projects en
dc.type Thesis en

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