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The extent and impact of non-compliant plumbing components installed in South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. J.E. van Zyl en
dc.contributor.author Lobanga, Kaluka Paul
dc.date.accessioned 2010-03-17T06:09:36Z
dc.date.available 2010-03-17T06:09:36Z
dc.date.issued 2010-03-17T06:09:36Z
dc.date.submitted 2008
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3093
dc.description M.Ing. en
dc.description.abstract With an ever-increasing population and a decrease in availability of fresh water, the sustainable and secure supply of fresh water is a growing concern worldwide, and particularly so in South Africa. Plumbing systems have a significant impact on both the efficient use of water and water losses because high quality plumbing components can reduce wastage and leakage, while inferior components increase the risk of failures and leakage and can even have health impacts in case of leaching of toxic elements or contamination of drinking water. In recent years, South Africa has seen a plethora of imported and pirated plumbing components introduced onto the local market. While South African legislation requires that only plumbing components approved by the South African Bureau of Standards or Water Services Authorities (municipalities) shall be installed, it does not explicitly prohibit the importation and sale of non-compliant components. The availability of non-compliant components on the market combined with insufficient enforcement of legislation, have created a situation where many non-compliant components are installed, although the extent of this problem was not known at the start of the project. The study aimed to quantify the extent of non-compliant plumbing components installed in South Africa, as well as the impact this will have on future water demands and losses. Various research methods were used including literature reviews, surveys and interviews with role players, search of available plumbing components for sale in South Africa, on-site visits and analysis of some case studies. The study found that about 50% of plumbing components installed in South Africa do not comply with legal requirements. Because these components are of poor quality, they hurt the local industry whose components cost more in order to comply with SABS standards. Therefore, they suffer from reduced market share and lower profit margins, and South African job losses occur in the sector. In general, compliant Summary components are up to 135% more expensive than non-compliant components. This study also found that even plumbers who are IOPSA members, and therefore bound by a code of conduct to use only compliant components, install non-compliant components. The site visits to some government low-cost housing developments showed that less than 10% of the plumbing components installed were compliant, and a major problem with non-compliant components was leakage. Therefore if the situation does not change, on-site water leaks will remain a great concern in South Africa. In order to address this situation the main suggestions are better enforcement of legislation, better training and control of plumbers and restrictions on the importation of non-compliant components. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Plumbing equipment and supplies en
dc.subject Water leakage en
dc.title The extent and impact of non-compliant plumbing components installed in South Africa en
dc.type Thesis en

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