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Autokeratometric variation following large incision corneal wound closure by fibrin glue

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. G.E. Mackenzie, Prof. W.F. Harris en
dc.contributor.author Kruger, Elene
dc.date.accessioned 2010-03-31T06:59:27Z
dc.date.available 2010-03-31T06:59:27Z
dc.date.issued 2010-03-31T06:59:27Z
dc.date.submitted 2008-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3117
dc.description M.Phil. en
dc.description.abstract Cataracts have been identified as one of the leading causes of blindness, especially in the developing world. The only presently known effective treatment for this growing problem is surgical removal of the opaque lens followed by replacement with an artificial intra ocular lens. Newer methods have brought greater success, and greater costs. For people in the developing world, these newer methods are not always an option. Together with the increased cost, there is a growing demand because of this worldwide problem. This increased need for surgery has lead to the development of waiting lists in the state funded hospitals. To qualify for a cataract extraction in most state funded hospitals, a best visual acuity of 6/60 is required, compared to the 6/12 to 6/24 levels required in the industrial countries and private practices. With these levels of visual impairment in the developing world, many patients are left functionally blind for long periods of time until cataract extraction can be performed. Older methods such as extra-capsular cataract extraction are still being used in the developing world. This is mostly due to the increased density of the cataracts at the time when the extraction can be performed because of the long waiting time leading to further maturation of the cataract. This method requires a large corneal incision, which is normally closed with nylon sutures. With this method of surgery meticulous wound closure is very important, and in many cases surgically induced astigmatism is one of the unwanted consequences. It was therefore decided, for the purpose of this study, to use autokeratometric data to explore the refractive effects of two different methods of corneal wound closure following planned extra-capsular cataract extraction (ECCE). Astigmatism is a major problem associated with extra capsular cataract extraction, especially when the wound is closed by means of sutures. Studies by Minassian et al. (2001), Jacobi (2003) and Dowler et al. (2000) all show that newer methods of cataract extraction making use of smaller incisions and therefore fewer sutures show faster recovery and less astigmatism. These methods are however mostly restricted to private practice, and therefore potentially unsuited for use in developing countries. The type of material used for wound closure is another very important factor. Depending on the method of suturing wound gape and wound compression can cause increased amounts of astigmatism. Using a method of wound closure that would cause less traction on the cornea could therefore cause less of a problem postoperatively. Tissue adhesives such as Tisseel® fibrin glue could be such an alternative. Studies by Henrick et al. (1987), Kim and Kharod (2007) and Bhatia (2006) show that fibrin glue forms a watertight, non irritating wound while promoting the healing process by the cross linking of collagen fibres. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Cataract surgery en
dc.subject Cornea surgery en
dc.subject Eye - Refractive errors en
dc.subject Fibrin tissue adhesive en
dc.title Autokeratometric variation following large incision corneal wound closure by fibrin glue en
dc.type Thesis en

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