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Facilitating the mental health of elderly Johannesburg residents exposed to crime : a psycho-educational perspective

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. C.P.H. Myburgh; Prof. M. Poggenpoel en_US
dc.contributor.author Widmer, Monika
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-16T10:22:01Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-16T10:22:01Z
dc.date.issued 2012-08-16
dc.date.submitted 2003
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/6002
dc.description M.Phil. en_US
dc.description.abstract Based on Interpol figures, South Africa has extraordinary high levels of violent crime (Masuku, 2001). The effects of crime are both multifaceted and extensive, especially for victims who are elderly. This study aims to explore and describe the experiences of elderly Johannesburg residents exposed to crime. The goal of the study is to establish guidelines and recommendations and to assist these individuals in coping effectively with their traumatic experiences in order to facilitate their mental health. The researcher has made use of a qualitative, phenomenological research design. All participants were residents of northern Johannesburg retirement villages and had been exposed to crimes such as hijacking, robbery, assault and fraud. Data was gathered through one-on-one in-depth interviews and analysed according to Tesch's method of open coding. Guba's model of trustworthiness was utilised, in conjunction with an independent coder, to establish validity and reliability of the data. This research has revealed that elderly citizens who had been exposed to crime experienced "scar(s)" in the form of psychological, physical, societal and spiritual scars. Survivors additionally experienced a loss regarding their personal property, selfdetermination, independence and self-esteem. Elderly victims coped with the experience via internal and external resources, assisted by certain personality characteristics and attitudes. Elderly survivors subsequently recognised the importance of regaining their sense of security, which resulted in hyper-vigilance and fear ensuing "super cautious" behaviours. These results lead to the formulation of guidelines and recommendations, which are hoped, will be integrated into future research models to guide families, support systems and therapists in assisting elderly victims towards successful trauma recovery and integrity in old age. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Counseling of older people - South Africa - Johannesburg en_US
dc.subject Mental health of older people - South Africa - Johannesburg en_US
dc.subject Crimes against older people - South Africa - Johannesburg en_US
dc.subject Victims of crimes - South Africa - Johannesburg en_US
dc.title Facilitating the mental health of elderly Johannesburg residents exposed to crime : a psycho-educational perspective en_US
dc.type Mini-Dissertation en_US


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