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Improving DWDM transmission systems by using dispersion management

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. P.L. Swart en_US
dc.contributor.author Viljoen, Peter Martin
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-22T06:07:22Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-22T06:07:22Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11-22
dc.date.submitted 2002-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/8238
dc.description M.Ing. en_US
dc.description.abstract In this dissertation the emphasis falls on the use of the 1550 run WDM systems that make use of standard single-mode fibre. The reason for this is that more than 50 million kilometres of standard telecommunication fibre is already installed in the worldwide telephone network. Therefore, from an economical point of view, the fourth generation of lightwave systems has to make use of this existing base. Using single-mode fibre at high bit-rate (- 10 Gb/s) dispersion becomes a problem. Furthermore, if amplifiers are used, as in the case of long-haul WDM systems, non-linear effects also become important although the input power levels are low (-1 mW). Thus, the system performance is influenced by both the dispersion problem and fibre non-linearities. In this dissertation the influence of these effects was investigated and the use of different dispersion management schemes was considered in order to minimise the dispersion and the effects of these non-linearities on the optical signals. It was seen that by using pre-compensation, the optical pulses would become narrower whereas by using post-compensation, the pulses would be broader than the original input pulses. Thus, the combined effect of fibre non-linearity and fibre dispersion led to the fact that the order in which dispersion compensation is realised is important. By using symmetrical dispersion compensation that is defined as a dispersion compensation scheme that makes use of an equal amount of pre- and post-compensation sections, the tendency of pulse narrowing and pulse broadening can be balanced. It was found from simulations, that pre-compensation led to a smaller SPM penalty than postcompensation, whereas in the case of cross-phase ,modulation, the opposite is true. Using lumped dispersion compensation at the,en(f:o£ the system, it was found that both SPM and XPM penalties could be minimised. It was found that negative and positive lumped dispersion compensation could be used to improve the system perfortriance of pre- and post compensation schemes respectively. The performance of symmetrical compensation also improved by using a positive lumped dispersion compensation regarding SPM penalty, but in the case of XPM penalty, it was found that lumped dispersion compensation could not be used to improve this penalty. Furthermore, the effect of not using 100% dispersion compensation per span on the system performance was determined. From simulations, it followed that under-compensation will lead to an improvement in the system performances of the post- and symmetrical dispersion compensation, whereas an over-compensation will lead to an improvement in the precompensation case. It was also shown that XPM index penalty decreases in all of these dispersion compensation schemes if 100% compensation per span is not used. The reason for this is the inter -span walk-off that reduces the XPM distortion by reducing the localised buildup of phase distortions. Finally, it was shown that by independently controlling the input power levels in the SMF and DCF the best system performance is possible. Furthermore, by making use of lumped dispersion compensation or by not using 100% dispersion compensation per span, the system performance of the pre-, post- and symmetrical dispersion conipensation schemes can be improved quite a lot. Comparing the results of the pre-, post- and symmetrical dispersion compensation schemes that made use of independent control of power levels with the pre-, post- and symmetrical dispersion compensation schemes that did not use independent control ofpower levels, the Q factors were improved from 6.2 to 8, from 5.4 to 9 and from 7.5 to 11 in each case respectively. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Wavelength division multiplexing en_US
dc.subject Dispersion en_US
dc.title Improving DWDM transmission systems by using dispersion management en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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