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Influence of V and Mn doping on the electrical transport properties of A Cr +1.2 at.% Ga alloy

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dc.contributor.author Roro, Kittessa Tolessa
dc.date.accessioned 2008-10-28T06:18:22Z
dc.date.available 2008-10-28T06:18:22Z
dc.date.issued 2008-10-28T06:18:22Z
dc.date.submitted 2004-09
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1360
dc.description M.Sc. en
dc.description.abstract Impurity resonance scattering effects are investigated in the Cr-Ga alloy system. This system has a triple point on its magnetic phase diagram where the paramagnetic (P), incommensurate (I) and commensurate (C) spin-density-wave (SDW) states co-exist. Alloying Cr with the nonmagnetic nontransitional element Ga affects the magnetic properties of Cr in a very unique way. In order to investigate the presence of resonant impurity scattering effects in binary Cr-Ga alloys, electrical resistivity measurements were carried out in the temperature range between 6 K and 85 K. The results of the investigation show: • A nonmonotonic increase in the residual resistivity of the Cr-Ga system with an increase in the Ga content, due to the presence of resonant impurity scattering of conduction electrons. • A low-temperature resistivity minimum observed in some of the Cr-Ga alloys, taken as further evidence for the presence of resonant impurity scattering effects on the conduction electrons. The impurity resonance scattering effects on the electrical resistivity of a Cr + 1.2 at.% Ga alloy, doped with V and Mn to tune the Fermi level through the impurity level, are also investigated. The investigation was complemented by thermal expansion and velocity of sound measurements in the temperature range 77 K to 450 K for the Cr + 1.2 at.% Ga alloy only. This specific Ga concentration was chosen to allow for studying resonant scattering effects in both the ISDW and CSDW phases of the system. This is possible because concentration of 1.2 at.% Ga is just above the triple point concentration. Doping with Mn to increase the electron concentration (eA) drives the alloy deeper into the CSDW phase region of the phase diagram, while doping with V, on the other hand, will drive the alloy towards the ISDW phase region. The results of the study are summarized as follows: • Two relatively sharp peaks, attributed to resonant impurity scattering effects, are observed in the curve of the residual resisitivity as a function of dopant concentration in the ISDW phase of the ternary (Cr0.988Ga0.012)1-xVx and (Cr0.988Ga0.012)1-yMny alloy systems. v • At 0 K the (Cr0.988Ga0.012)1-yMny alloy system transforms from the ISDW to the CSDW phase at y ≅ 0.0032, giving a CSDW phase for y > 0.0032. A peak is observed in the residual resistivity at about this Mn content. This peak can then either be ascribed to a jump occurring in the residual resistivity when the CSDW phase is entered from the ISDW phase or to resonant scattering effects. The conclusion is that the peak is rather related to the latter effect. • The resistivity as a function of temperature of the above two ternary alloy series show well-developed or weak minima at low temperatures for some of the samples. This is taken as further evidence of the influence of impurity resonant scattering effects on the resistivity of these alloys. • The resistivity and thermal expansion coefficient of the polycrystalline Cr0.988Ga0.012 alloy of the present study behaves anomalously close to the ISDW-CSDW phase transition temperature and warrant further investigation. The concentration-temperature magnetic phase diagram of the (Cr0.988Ga0.012)(Mn,V) alloy system was constructed from the magnetic transition temperatures obtained from electrical resistivity measurements. Theoretical analysis of the phase diagram was done using the two-band imperfect nesting model of Machida and Fujita. The results show: • A triple point at (0.21 at.% V, 225 K) where the ISDW, CSDW and P phases coexist on the magnetic phase diagram. • The curvature of all three theoretically calculated phase transition lines in the region of the triple point is of the same sign as that observed experimentally. • The theoretical fit is very good for the ISDW-P and ISDW-CSDW phase transition boundaries, while there is some discrepancy for the CSDW-P phase transition line. This may be attributed to the fact that the theory is one dimensional and that it does not include electron-hole pair breaking effects due to impurity scattering and also not effects of changes in the density of states due to alloying. en
dc.description.sponsorship Dr. A.R.E Prinsloo Prof. H.L. Alberts en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Chromium en
dc.subject Chromium alloys en
dc.subject Density wave theory en
dc.subject Semiconductors impurity distribution en
dc.subject Semiconductor doping en
dc.title Influence of V and Mn doping on the electrical transport properties of A Cr +1.2 at.% Ga alloy en
dc.type Thesis en


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