Water as 'n bron van politiek konflik en samewerking: 'n vergelykende studie van die Midde-Ooste en Suider-Afrika

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dc.contributor.author Meissner, Richard
dc.date.accessioned 2008-10-29T06:58:44Z
dc.date.available 2008-10-29T06:58:44Z
dc.date.issued 2008-10-29T06:58:44Z
dc.date.submitted 1998-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1376
dc.description M.A. en
dc.description.abstract The potential for conflict over water can one day become a reality. This so, especially when the world’s population is growing at a phenomenal rate. Regions that are vulnerable to this sort of conflict are semi-arid to arid in character. One can ask the question if conflict over water in these regions is possible. In examining the situation surrounding waterpolitics in two regions, and drawing comparisons, one can shed light on state’s interaction when it comes to the allocation of international water sources. The Middle East has vast experience in international water politics, while countries in Southern Africa seem to be still learning the game of international water politics. Using a framework for analysis, four case studies will be looked at. The Orange and Okavango Rivers are the subjects in Southern Africa where, it seems, cooperation on international water resources is the norm. The Tigris-Euphrates and the Jordan Rivers are considered in the case of the Middle East. Here a much higher level of conflict can be seen. The main reason for this difference in dealing with international water resources in the two regions seems to be the will (or lack thereof) among states to cooperate over water sources. In Southern Africa this will is evident, especially after 1994 when a new democratically elected government came to power in South Africa. In the Middle East, however, the region is still going about international politics in ways reminiscent of the Cold War. The theory of realism helps to explain the situation in this region, where mistrust plays a very big part in the interaction between states. Complex interdependence by contrast characterises the international political interaction between the states in the Southern African region. International and national water projects, in both regions, play a very big role in water politics. In both the regions there seem to be a number of these projects, that contributed to either conflict and/or cooperation between the states. In the Orange River it is the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, a cooperative endeavour between Lesotho and South Africa and in the Okavango Namibia’s Eastern National Water Carrier (ENWC). In the Tigris -Euphrates, Turkey’s Greater Anatolia Project, in the Tigris -Euphrates, is influencing the interaction between the three riparians, and the Jordan River had it’s share of projects in the past, and here Israel’s National Water Carrier had a role to play. en
dc.description.sponsorship Prof. D.J. Geldenhuys Dr. M.M.E. Schoeman en
dc.language.iso afr en
dc.subject Water supply management en
dc.subject Politics and government en
dc.subject Water supply South Africa en
dc.subject Middle East en
dc.title Water as 'n bron van politiek konflik en samewerking: 'n vergelykende studie van die Midde-Ooste en Suider-Afrika en
dc.type Thesis en

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