Synthesis of gold and palladium thiolato complexes and their applications as sulfur dioxide sensors

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Prof. J. Darkwa en
dc.contributor.author Dyan, Busiswa
dc.date.accessioned 2010-03-10T06:26:59Z
dc.date.available 2010-03-10T06:26:59Z
dc.date.issued 2010-03-10T06:26:59Z
dc.date.submitted 2008-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3071
dc.description M.Sc. en
dc.description.abstract [AuCl(PPh3)] was reacted with mixed thiols in the presence of silver(I) oxide, resulting in complexes of the type [Au(SC6H4X)(PPh3)] X= Cl, NH2,CH2, forming silver chloride as a by-product. In addition to the above series [Au(SCH2(C6H4)3(2-C6H5(C6H4N)] was prepared via a different route, where [AuCl3(2-C6H5(C6H4N)] was reacted with benzyl mercaptan under reflux in the presence of silver(I) oxide for 3 h, forming silver chloride as a by-product. Palladium complex [PdCl2(2-C6H5(C6H4N)] was prepared by reacting [PdCl2(MeCN)] with 2-phenylpyridine at room temperature for 2 h. All complexes were characterized by 1H, 13C, 31P{H} NMR, IR, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis. Characterization of the starting materials [AuCl3(2-C6H5(C6H4N)] and [PdCl2(2- C6H5(6H4N)] by single crystal X-ray diffraction confirmed their chemical formula. All complexes were reacted with sulfur dioxide (SO2) and the reactions were monitored by electrochemistry and UV-vis spectroscopy. The electrochemical study of the complexes, using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and Osteryoung square wave voltammetry (OSWV), showed one anodic peak, which is due to gold(I/III) and an unresolved peak due to thiolate ligand. Upon bubbling of SO2 to the complexes, there was an immediate change of colour from clear to yellow, the CV results showing an increase in current of the gold(I/III) peak. UV-vis spectroscopy studies showed a shift of peak form 250-286 nm, upon bubbling of SO2 to complexes. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Gold compounds synthesis en
dc.subject Palladium compounds synthesis en
dc.subject Thiols en
dc.subject Ligands en
dc.subject Sulfur dioxide en
dc.title Synthesis of gold and palladium thiolato complexes and their applications as sulfur dioxide sensors en
dc.type Thesis en

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search UJDigispace


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account