The characterization of an intracellular protozoan parasite infecting the digestive gland of abalone, Haliotis midae

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. N.J. Smit en
dc.contributor.author Cloete, Yolandi Clignet
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-19T07:40:12Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-19T07:40:12Z
dc.date.issued 2010-04-19T07:40:12Z
dc.date.submitted 2008-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3210
dc.description M.Sc. en
dc.description.abstract Abalone are among the world’s leading shellfish consumed by human populations. Harvesting in California began in the late 1800s from intertidal zones and in the early 1900s wild abalone were collected by diving. Popular demand for abalone products in the Far East then led to extensive harvesting of wild abalone and a drastic decline in population numbers. This problem was overcome to a degree by the development of land-based abalone farms. At these farms it was possible to breed abalone on a large scale. Currently twelve abalone farms operate in South Africa and the estimated production for 2006 was 537 tons of meat, worth R 80 mil. Parasites and diseases pose threats to the production of abalone, especially under farmed conditions, and can cause considerable financial loss. Labyrinthuloides haliotidis, Haplosporidium nelsoni and Terebrasabelle heterouncinata are a few parasites that contribute to the above mentioned problems. Lately, a new protozoan parasite was discovered in the digestive glands of Haliotis midae farmed in the Western Cape Province, during routine health assessments. For the purposes of this dissertation it is designated an unidentified digestive gland parasite (UDP). The aims of this study are thus to undertake a comprehensive literature review of parasites infecting wild and farmed abalone, as well other shellfish species, describe and characterise the UDP infecting the digestive gland of Haliotis midae based on its structure and ultrastructure, evaluate the role of this parasite in disease by analysing data from histological studies, provide a preliminary indication of the life cycle of this parasite, attempt analysis of DNA from the UDP, and identify potential areas for further research into control of the parasite. A total of 180 abalone, (Haliotis midae) were collected from three abalone farms in the Western Cape during May 2005, October 2005, January 2006 and January 2007. To establish whether this parasite also occurs in wild abalone, a single sampling (six H. midae and 28 H. spadicea) took place during 2006 in Tsitsikamma National Park. Collected farmed and wild abalone were weighed and measured, removed from their shells and then killed according to accepted methods before their digestive glands were removed. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Protozoan diseases en
dc.subject Marine organisms parasites en
dc.subject Abalones' parasites en
dc.subject Haliotis midae parasites en
dc.title The characterization of an intracellular protozoan parasite infecting the digestive gland of abalone, Haliotis midae en
dc.type Thesis en

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