Theoretical analysis of the vibrational dynamics of neutron star interiors

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. C.A. Engelbrecht, Dr. F.A.M. Frescura and Prof. C.M. Villet. en Hartman, Jonathan M. 2011-03-02T10:04:52Z 2011-03-02T10:04:52Z 2011-03-02T10:04:52Z 2009-05
dc.description M.Sc. en
dc.description.abstract Just as the observations of oscillations of ordinary stars can be used to determine their composition and structure, the oscillations of neutron stars could potentially be used to determine the nature of the dense nuclear matter from which they are made. The superfluidity of the interiors of neutron stars is normally probed by observations of pulsar glitches. It turns out that the superfluidity affects the oscillations in a neutron star core. In particular, it results in a class of oscillation modes specifically associated with the superfluid core. Although these modes have not been detected from observations, it is hoped by some that gravitational wave data may be used to probe the superfluidity of neutron star cores. In this dissertation, a simple equilibrium model is used in order to calculate the superfluid modes in the context of newtonian gravity. The equilibrium model that is used is the same combination of the Serot equation of state and the Harrison-Wheeler equation of state that was used formerly by Lee and by Lindblom & Mendell. Numerical calculations of the superfluid modes are done for 20 different neutron star models ranging in mass between 0.5 and 2 solar masses. The frequencies of the oscillations for the 0.5 and 1.4 solar masses agree fairly well with Lee's results, which strongly validates the computer code written for numerical calculation in this work. In all the models, the eigenfrequencies of the super uid or s-modes are found among those of the f and p-modes. For the equation of state that is used, it is shown that the dimensionless frequencies of the p-modes increase with an increase in mass of the neutron star while those of the s-modes decrease with an increase in neutron star mass. The plan of the dissertation is as follows. Chapter 1 gives a short introduction to stellar oscillations and mentions the oscillations of neutron stars. Chapters 2 and 3 provide the general theoretical background of stellar structure and stellar oscillations respectively. Chapter 4 is a review of the equations of state of neutron star matter derived previously in the literature. Chapter 5 provides the method of calculation as well as the results. Chapter 6 provides a discussion of the results. Chapter 7 briefly gives a review of a mathematical framework for fluids that could be used in order to calculate the oscillations in a general relativistic context and then briefly describes the effects of rotation and magnetic fields. Appendix B liststhe source code for the programs used to do the calculations and also explains some of the extra numerical procedures used for the computation. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Neutron stars en
dc.subject Stars structure en
dc.subject Stellar oscillations en
dc.subject Superfluidity en
dc.title Theoretical analysis of the vibrational dynamics of neutron star interiors en
dc.type Thesis en

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