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A quality improvement model to address delays in commencement of radiotherapy in Botswana

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dc.contributor.advisor Mrs. H. Lawrence and Mr. R. Makufa en
dc.contributor.author Chilanga, Catherine Chilute
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-30T08:19:49Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-30T08:19:49Z
dc.date.issued 2011-06-30T08:19:49Z
dc.date.submitted 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3763
dc.description M.Tech. en
dc.description.abstract The recent increase in demand for radiotherapy services has led to significant delays in commencement of radical radiation treatment in most centres. Radiobiological principles suggest that a delay in starting radiotherapy may have a negative impact on tumour local control. To cope with the growing demand for radiotherapy, modern improvement models need to be accepted and adapted in radiotherapy departments. The PLAN DO STUDY ACT (PDSA) model is an example of such an improvement model which explores new possibilities of improvement through experimentation. This study aimed to determine the causes of radiotherapy delays, and to develop and implement improvements for reducing radiotherapy delays from patients’ referral to a radiotherapy department to the start of radiotherapy at Gaborone Oncology in Botswana. The objectives were to determine the causes of radiotherapy delays, develop and implement improvements of reducing radiotherapy delays using the PDSA model for improvement, and evaluate the effectiveness of the model. Patients who had received radical radiotherapy for head and neck, breast and cervix tumours were analysed as they are the commonly treated cancers at Gaborone Oncology. A retrospective survey was conducted for one year to establish the causes of radiotherapy delays from patient referral to the department to the start of radiation treatment. The PDSA model for improvement was then implemented and monitored for evidence of improvement from May to December 2008. The PDSA model showed significant reduction in radiotherapy delays at Gaborone Oncology. The results showed a decrease in radiotherapy delays in head and neck, breast and cervix cancers from an average delay time of 18.5 days in May 2008 to 8.6 days by December 2008. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Radiotherapy - Botswana
dc.subject Radiological services - Botswana
dc.subject Health planning - Botswana
dc.subject Hospital waiting lists - Botswana
dc.title A quality improvement model to address delays in commencement of radiotherapy in Botswana en
dc.type Thesis en

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