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Standards to facilitate theory/practice integration in a neonatal programme

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. A. Nolte; Ms. W. Jacobs en_US
dc.contributor.author Bowling, Denise
dc.date.accessioned 2011-11-10T06:28:55Z
dc.date.available 2011-11-10T06:28:55Z
dc.date.issued 2011-11-10
dc.date.submitted 2003-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3949
dc.description.abstract It is essential that neonatal practitioners are able to use their theoretical knowledge in clinical practice in an appropriate manner, in order to render competent quality care to the critically ill neonate. However, theory and practice integration is also very difficult to achieve. Managers of neonatal units and neonatal students had voiced concerns regarding the integration of theory and practice in the neonatal programme offered by an Institution of Higher Education (IHE). Therefore the purpose of this research was to develop standards and criteria to facilitate the integration of theory and practice in the IHE Neonatal Programme A combined qualitative/quantitative exploratory, descriptive, contextual approach was followed, based on Muller's Model for the Development of Nursing Standards (1990:49-55). The design consisted of a development phase and a quantification phase. Standard development began with conceptualisation, that is, the definition of the research concepts and the integration of the study into existing theoretical frameworks. The legislative frameworks used for the study were those of the South African Qualifications Authority and the South African Nursing Council, that govern nursing education and nursing practice. The theoretical frameworks promote theory/practice integration. Standards and criteria were developed from the legislative and theoretical frameworks in order to facilitate the theory/practice integration of the IHE neonatal programme. Ten experts who met specific criteria for inclusion in the study were then asked to validate the standards. The quantification phase consisted of the statistical determination of the content validity of the standards, using a questionnaire. The original ten experts together with another forty participants who complied with specific inclusion criteria, were asked to evaluate the standards, using a four-point rating scale. A standard or criterion with a content validity index of 3.5 to 4. 0 was accepted as valid. The results of the data analysis for the fifty participants showed that all criteria had a mean score of over 3. 5 and thus could be considered valid and useful as a guideline for neonatal programmes. However it was evident from standard deviation scores that the expert group showed greater consensus than the additional participants regarding the validity of the standards. Further research may therefore be required in order to confirm the validity of the standards and criteria. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Maternity nursing standards en_US
dc.subject Neonatal intensive care standards en_US
dc.subject Neonatology standards en_US
dc.title Standards to facilitate theory/practice integration in a neonatal programme en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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