The influence of a magnetic field and hydrostatic pressure on the antiferromagnetic properties of Cr alloys

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. H.L. Alberts; Prof. P. Smit en_US
dc.contributor.author Dawe, Anna Marie
dc.date.accessioned 2011-11-24T09:50:15Z
dc.date.available 2011-11-24T09:50:15Z
dc.date.issued 2011-11-24
dc.date.submitted 2000
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/4082
dc.description M.Sc. en_US
dc.description.abstract When a pure chromium single crystal is cooled through its Néel temperature, it undergoes a paramagnetic to a multi-wave vector incommensurate spin-density-wave magnetic transition. Should a chromium single crystal be cooled through its Neel temperature in the presence of a strong enough magnetic field, 4-5 T, then all the spin-density-wave vectors that occur as it undergoes the paramagnetic to incommensurate spin-density-wave magnetic transition, are forced to be aligned parallel to the direction of the applied magnetic field, producing what is called a single spin-density-wave wave vector state in the crystal. The single spin-density-wave wave vector state will remain in the crystal when the magnetic field is removed providing the crystal is not heated above its Neel temperature. If the crystal when in the single spin-density-wave wave vector state is orientated so that the single spin-density-wave wave vector is aligned perpendicular to the direction of an applied magnetic field, then the spin polarisation vectors of the magnetic moments will align themselves so that they are perpendicular to the applied magnetic field and perpendicular to the single wave vector, producing what is called a single spin-densitywave wave vector and single spin polarisation vector state in the crystal. There is a difference in value between the elastic constants measured when a chromium single crystal is in the single spin-density-wave wave vector state to the elastic constants measured when the crystal is in the multi-wave vector spin-density-wave state.When pure chromium is alloyed with other materials the topology of the Fermi surface is changed resulting in some of the alloys being able to undergo paramagnetic to commensurate spin-densitywave magnetic transitions, as well as being able to undergo commensurate spin-density-wave to incommensurate spin-density wave transitions. This study makes use of a magnetic field of strength 4.5 Tin an attempt to produce a single spin-density-wave wave vector state in a Cr + 0.3 at.% Ru and a Cr + 1.6 at.% Si single crystals. Both single crystals undergo paramagnetic to commensurate spin-density-wave transitions when cooled through their, respective Neel temperatures, as well as the Cr + 0.3 at.% Ru single crystal being able to undergo a commensurate spin-density-wave to an incommensurate spin-density-wave transition if cooled further, down to 77 K, well below it's Neel temperature. The effects of the applied magnetic field on the Cr + 0.3 at.% Ru and Cr + 1.6 at.% Si single crystals was determined by measuring the elastic constants of the respective crystals. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Chromium alloys en_US
dc.subject Density wave theory en_US
dc.subject Magnetostriction en_US
dc.title The influence of a magnetic field and hydrostatic pressure on the antiferromagnetic properties of Cr alloys en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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