A comparison of the HIV and Aids policies of ECOWAS and SADC

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dc.contributor.author De Klerk, Lara Monica
dc.date.accessioned 2008-05-22T07:36:13Z
dc.date.available 2008-05-22T07:36:13Z
dc.date.issued 2008-05-22T07:36:13Z
dc.date.submitted 2006
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/447
dc.description M.A.
dc.description.abstract The HIV and AIDS pandemic has swept through sub-Saharan Africa at an alarming pace, gaining momentum each year as millions of people are infected and affected by the virus. A range of social, political and economic consequences have already begun to emerge as a result of this disease, and a comprehensive response is essential to halt the spread of HIV and AIDS, and to manage the impact of the pandemic. This study examines the response of the two dominant regional organisations in sub- Saharan Africa, namely the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), through an analysis of their policies on HIV and AIDS. The comparison of the HIV and AIDS policies of these regional organisations is conducted by means of three sets of identified indicators, covering education and awareness campaigns, prevention strategies, and treatment and care programmes. Further, the extent to which the regional guidelines contained in the policies are incorporated into the HIV and AIDS policies of member states is discussed with reference to Nigeria and South Africa, identified as the strongest states within their respective groupings with the highest prevalence rates. Given the acknowledged impact of the disease, the regional response is not as comprehensive as would be expected. The SADC policy is generally more elaborative on the key issues than the ECOWAS policy. Vital issues such as the provision of condoms and addressing the disproportionate impact of HIV and AIDS on women are not dealt with, and the overall policies lack detail and practical guidance. In comparison, the policies of member states such as Nigeria and South Africa are far more elaborative, containing creative solutions to daunting problems, although some of the weaknesses identified in the regional HIV and AIDS policies shine through in the national policies of member states. The study concludes that while practical restrictions such as lack of infrastructure, resources, and diverse cultural and religious beliefs hamper the formulation of a single, comprehensive regional policy on HIV and AIDS, the current guidelines provided by both ECOWAS and SADC fall short of the necessary response to a crisis of the magnitude of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. en
dc.description.sponsorship Prof. Yolanda Sadie en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject AIDS (Disease) en
dc.subject HIV infections en
dc.subject Economic Community of West African States en
dc.subject Southern African Development Community en
dc.title A comparison of the HIV and Aids policies of ECOWAS and SADC en
dc.type Thesis en

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