The identification, management and mitigation of environmental impacts caused by the use of petroleum products at Driefontein Gold Mine

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. J.M. Meeuwis en_US
dc.contributor.author Ramphisa, Phillip
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-10T09:06:25Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-10T09:06:25Z
dc.date.issued 2012-05-10
dc.date.submitted 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/4718
dc.description M.Sc. en_US
dc.description.abstract Gold mining, as a human activity, has traditionally always impacted negatively on the environment. Some of the impacts of gold mining include pollution of surface water by arsenic, manganese and heavy metals. Facilities used in gold mining during the processing of ore to extract gold, tailings facilities, settlement ponds and waste rock dumps cause impacts such as air pollution by dust and acid mine drainage. Some of the consequences of these gold mining activities on the environment include the generation of dust as well as the pollution of surface and groundwater. The leakages and spillages from tailings (residue left from the extraction of gold from the ore using various chemicals such as cyanide and arsenic) facilities have caused environmental impacts by introducing chemical pollutants to surface water, underground water and soil (Actionaid, 2005). One of the lesser known or considered impacts influencing the environment in the mining field is the use of petroleum products. The use of petroleum products such as petrol, oil and diesel in gold mining is also one of the activities, which, if not carefully managed, impacts negatively on the environment. The main aim of the research was to identify the impacts associated with the use of petroleum products on the Driefontein Gold Mine and to identify remediation measures that can be used to minimize or mitigate impacts on the environment. This also involves the development of recommendations for the Use of Petroleum Products at Driefontein Gold Mine that will help the mine in mitigating existing impacts and thus prevent the recurrence of the negative impacts to the environment that are associated with the use of petroleum products. The records from the Mine Stores were used to determine areas in the mine where a higher usage of petroleum products was recorded. Based on this, the aspect registers of the identified areas were used in order to identify the aspects or activities relating to the use of petroleum products. All the products purchased and consumed for a period of a year were recorded from the Mine Stores and a pedestrian survey was conducted on the areas of usage. A pedestrian survey was conducted in the identified areas in order to determine how these products can be used to determine visual signs of contamination from petroleum products. Using this methodology, petroleum stained areas were observed visually on the mine and mapped. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Gold mining - Environmental aspects en_US
dc.subject Petroleum products - Environmental aspects en_US
dc.subject Driefontein Gold Mine (South Africa) en_US
dc.title The identification, management and mitigation of environmental impacts caused by the use of petroleum products at Driefontein Gold Mine en_US
dc.type Mini-Dissertation en_US

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