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Validation of the children’s hope scale in South African adolescents

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. T. Guse en_US
dc.contributor.author Kok, Monique
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-04T12:53:53Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-04T12:53:53Z
dc.date.issued 2012-06-04
dc.date.submitted 2011-10-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/4824
dc.description M.A. en_US
dc.description.abstract This study investigated the validity of the Children’s Hope Scale (CHS) among a sample of South African adolescents. The aims of this study were to determine the internal consistency, the factor structure and construct validity of the CHS among a group of 1062 adolescents, aged between 13 and 16 years. Internal consistency was established and yielded a Cronbach alpha coefficient of .73. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was implemented to determine the factor structure of the CHS. After rejecting the null model as well as the one factor model (model 2), a revised model 3 was accepted (χ? = 15.43, p < .001; CFI = 0.99; RMSEA = 0.03, 90% CI, .01 to .056). Specifically, item 5 was specified to load on the pathways factor and not on agency. Convergent and discriminant validity was determined by establishing correlation coefficients between the CHS and criterion measures. Hope correlated positively with coping self-efficacy (r = .58), positive affect (r = .48) and psychological well-being (r = .59); and negatively with negative affect (r = -.23). It can be concluded that the CHS is an adequate measure of hope in the current sample used. Future research could consider validating the CHS for other age groups as well as developing translated versions of the CHS for languages appropriate to South Africa. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Adolescent psychology en_US
dc.subject Positive psychology en_US
dc.subject Teenagers en_US
dc.subject Motivation (Psychology) en_US
dc.title Validation of the children’s hope scale in South African adolescents en_US
dc.type Mini-Dissertation en_US

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