Biochemical characterization of the polygalacturonase inhibiting protein from cotton

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. I.A. Dubery en_US
dc.contributor.author James, Jacinda Terry
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-13T09:00:26Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-13T09:00:26Z
dc.date.issued 2012-08-13
dc.date.submitted 1999-09-17
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/5529
dc.description M.Sc. en_US
dc.description.abstract Plants have evolved a complex array of biochemical pathways that enable them to recognise and respond to signals from the environment. At present, little is known about the signal transduction pathways that are activated during a plant's response to attack by a pathogen, although this knowledge is central to our understanding of disease susceptibily and resistance. A common form of plant resistance is the restriction of pathogen proliferation to a small zone surrounding the site of infection. In many cases, this restriction is accompanied by localized death of host tissues, known as the hypersensitive response. In addition to local defense responses, many plants respond to infection by activating defenses in uninfected parts of the plant. As a result, the entire plant is more resistant to a secondary infection. This systemic acquired resistance can persist for several weeks or more and often confers crossresistance to unrelated pathogens. Fungal polygalacturonases (PGs) catalyze the fragmentation and the solubilisation of the homogalacturonan in the plant cell wall. These enzymes might have important functions during plant colonization by a fungus. PGs have also been shown to activate plant defense responses, likely because they generate oligogalacturonides with elicitor activity from the plant cell wall. A polygalacturonase inhibiting protein (PGIP), found in the plant cell wall of many plants, forms a specific complex with fungal PGs and favours the accumulation of elicitor-active oligogalacturonides in vitro. An agarose diffusion assay was used to screen the extracts from Verticillium dahliae for PG activity and ensuing inhibition by purified cotton PGIP. Quantitative determination of differences in polygalacturonase activity in the extracts were performed using a reducing sugar assay. There may be more than one isoform of PG present since the polygalacturonases produced by fungi are likely to be to a mixture of exo- and endo-PGs. Polygalacturonase was therefore isolated from 18-day-old culture filtrates of V. dahliae. The enzyme was partially purified by means of ammonium sulphate precipitation and gel chromatography. The band responsible for PG activity was identified and characterized, having a molecular weight of approximately 28-31 kDa, and a pl of 5.1 - 5.9. Kinetic studies indicate a Km of 0.33% and V,„,,of 0.85 pmoles reducing units / min. A commercial preparation of endo-PG from Aspergillus niger was used as a control. This endo-PG had a molecular weight of 68 kDa and a pl point of 3.6 and 5.1, suggesting there were at least two isoforms of endo-PG present. Kinetic studies indicate a K m of 0.33% and V,,„ of 1.07 gmoles reducing units / min. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Plant-pathogen relationships en_US
dc.subject Plants -- Disease and pest resistance en_US
dc.subject Pectinase en_US
dc.title Biochemical characterization of the polygalacturonase inhibiting protein from cotton en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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