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A macroeconomic model for South Africa: a non-linear econometric modelling approach.

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dc.contributor.author Koster, Marinda
dc.date.accessioned 2008-06-20T13:41:47Z
dc.date.available 2008-06-20T13:41:47Z
dc.date.issued 2008-06-20T13:41:47Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/648
dc.description.abstract Econometric models are often made up of assumptions that never truly match reality. One of the most challenged requirements is that the coefficients of econometric models remain constant over time, in the sense that it is assumed that the future will be similar to the past. If the assumption of constant coefficients is not satisfied, any conclusions reached from normal (constant coefficient) models will be biased. Another, very closely related, contested assumption is that the functional form (usually linear) of a model remains unchanged over time. The theory of linearity has long been the centre of all econometric model-building. According to Teräsvirta (1994), if linear estimates were not successful in practice, they would have been forsaken long ago, and this has certainly not been the case. Quite the opposite has been experienced: some very influential ideas based on the linear relationships between variables, like cointegration analysis, have been established. Nonetheless, there are definite situations in which linear models are unable to grasp the underlying economic theory of the data accurately. In developing economies like the South African economy, the notion of constant coefficients and the assumption of linearity are far-fetched because these economies are frequently characterized by changes in both the economic policy and the economic structure. It is thus important to see these changes in developing economies as providing valuable information for econometric modelling. Incorporating these changes into models will provide not only better forecasts, but also better information for policy analyses. This study addresses the problem of non-linearity by applying smooth transition autoregressive (STAR) specifications to an existing simultaneous macroeconomic model of the South African economy. The results support the view that non-linear models provide better forecasts than linear specifications of equations. en
dc.description.sponsorship Dr. I. Botha en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject econometrics en
dc.subject macroeconomics en
dc.title A macroeconomic model for South Africa: a non-linear econometric modelling approach. en
dc.type Thesis en

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