An investigation into the forming of 3CR12 rectangular tubes

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. R. Laubscher en_US Snyman, Christo Julius 2012-09-04T08:12:00Z 2012-09-04T08:12:00Z 2012-09-04 1999
dc.description M.Ing. en_US
dc.description.abstract During all manufacturing processes it is crucial to use certain design criteria and guidelines. Special care should be exercised when the final product of a manufacturing process is used in the automotive industry, because the failure of such a component may have tragic consequences. The failure of a bus chassis in the public transport sector is an example of a case where the failure of a product can have serious consequences. In recent years it has become common practice to use corrosion-resisting steel in the manufacture of these vehicles. The reason for this is the corrosion caused by a prolonged service life and adverse conditions such as salted road surfaces (The salt is used to melt the ice that forms on roads, particularly in European countries). These bus structures consist of tubes of varying size and geometry, and the manufacturing process of these tubes is considered in the present investigation. In a tube manufacturing process the design criteria may consist of such properties as the tube size and geometry, the thickness of the sheet that is used and the radius of the corners of the tube. Design criterion is also dependent upon the material that is used. The change in mechanical properties of the material during a manufacturing process is an important consideration during the establishment of design guidelines. The purpose of this investigation is to study the effects of particularly the cold forming manufacturing process on the mechanical properties of the material. The material used is 3CR12 corrosion resisting steel, a proprietary alloy also known as Type 1.4003, that was developed by Columbus joint venture as a cheaper alternative to stainless steels. 3CR12 is not a substitute for stainless steel but it is an alternative to treated mild steel, providing a cost-effective solution to corrosion. An experimental investigation is conducted into the forming of 40mm 3CR12 square tubes and normal plate bending of 3CR12. Various different wall thicknesses and bend radiuses are considered. A numerical investigation consisted of simulating the above-mentioned manufacturing processes using non-linear finite element analysis and then comparing its results to the experimental investigation. The experimental investigation showed that substantial work hardening occurred in the corner regions of the tube during forming. A loss of up to 70% of 3CR12's ductility may result in the corner regions. The work hardening at the inside of the tube was found to be higher than at the outside. A region of very little work hardening near the middle of the tube wall thickness was also identified (neutral axis). This neutral axis also seems to shift slightly more to the inside of the tube with thicker wall sections. The numerical analysis confirmed the experimental observations. An excellent correlation between the experimental and numerical results was achieved. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Stainless steel - Cold working en_US
dc.subject 3CR12 - Cold working en_US
dc.subject Stainless steel - Mechanical properties en_US
dc.subject 3CR12 - Mechanical properties en_US
dc.subject Corrosion and anti-corrosives en_US
dc.title An investigation into the forming of 3CR12 rectangular tubes en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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