A spectrum of logics - ranging from binary to fuzzy systems

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. I.C. Burger; Prof. J. Heidema en_US
dc.contributor.author Van Wyk, Gertruida Petronella
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-10T09:11:02Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-10T09:11:02Z
dc.date.issued 2012-09-10
dc.date.submitted 2004
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7278
dc.description M.Sc. en_US
dc.description.abstract An overview of the process of mathematical logic's growth is depicted in this dissertation. Man began at the very beginning, distinguishing only between truth and falsity (a huge leap in those days, and definitely one in the right direction). Like a sound "abc" , ropositional and predicate logic were developed to be the basis for other mathematical logics. One needs to crawl first, before one walks. Given this frame of reference, humans could let their imaginations roam free. The thought of being limited by using only truth and falsity, was not a foreign concept during the beginning of mathematical developments in logic. It did not, therefore, take very long for the first expansions of propositional and predicate logic. As time progressed, so did thoughts, visions and ideas. Soon mathematicians were developing more enhanced logics, such as modal, many-valued and nonmonotonic logics. In fact, modal logic (or the idea behind it) was considered by Aristotle himself. New developments encouraged mathematicians (and people in other fields — for example computer scientists) to broaden their thinking and produce new ideas. Relatively speaking, fuzzy logic is one of the most recent developments. A very powerful logic, given current computer strengths. Fuzzy logic is a system not without drawbacks, even with powerful computers driving fuzzy logic systems. For example, as the number of inputs in a certain system increase, so does the level of complexity, rendering even enormous computers incapable of coping. Currently the success of any fuzzy logic system depends on the model driving it. These models are built by humans, based on a variety of information gathered over time. If, for instance, in medical diagnoses, the reference base says the symptom of a sore throat is associated with an appendix, the diagnoses will certainly be wrong and you might lose your appendix while only suffering a cold. In this day and age we are standing on the verge of a totally computerized environment. The fridge will soon tell you that you are out of milk and that your brand of milk is currently on a special at a specific shop. It will be able to order and pay for new milk. Keeping an open mind, you might be able to envisage a little robot collecting the milk from your front gate, programmed with the ability to judge whether the milk is fresh (by referring to the sellby- date and the smell and colour of the milk). The robot might even be able to tell you to increase your intake of fresh fruit and vegetables as your pale skin color, dark rings under your eyes, your level of fatigue and current intake of these produce indicates a lack thereof. In the case that you did not sleep at all during the night before (dur for instance to a deadline that needed to be met) the robot can decide that this is more than enough reason for your physical appearance and fatigue en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Logic, Symbolic and mathematical en_US
dc.title A spectrum of logics - ranging from binary to fuzzy systems en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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