A comparative study of soft tissue therapy and ultrasound therapy versus Chiropractic manipulative and mobilization therapy, or a combination of both treatments in the treatment of acute Achilles Tendinitis

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. V. Cascioli and Mr. D. Grobler en_US
dc.contributor.author Borowsky, Wayne Alan
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-10T13:28:32Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-10T13:28:32Z
dc.date.issued 2012-09-10
dc.date.submitted 2001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7320
dc.description M.Tech. en_US
dc.description.abstract This unblinded, controlled pilot study was conducted in order to compare the effectiveness of soft tissue therapy and ultrasound therapy, versus chiropractic manipulation and mobilization therapy, or a combination of the aforementioned therapeutic protocols in the treatment of acute Achilles tendinitis. In executing the comparison, it was hypothesized that both treatment protocols would be effective, but the combined therapy would be the most effective for the treatment of acute Achilles tendinitis, as this treatment protocol focused not only on the symptomatic pathological area entailing the Achilles tendon in this case, but also focused on the entire kinetic chain which perhaps was contributing to the pathomec.hanics in turn causing Achilles tendinitis. It is hoped that this combined therapy will be more effective in terms of a more speedy recovery and long term effect. This will not only benefit the patient from the point of view of health and quality of life, but financially as well, as less consultation fees will have to be paid. Patients were recruited for the study by the use of advertisements in newspapers and posters, or from patients entering the Technikon Witwatersrand Chiropractic Day Clinic complaining of Achilles pain. Only those forty-five patients who conformed to the specified delimitations and diagnostic criteria were accepted. These patients were randomly placed into three groups of fifteen patients each. Group one received chiropractic manipulative and mobilisation therapy and group two received soft tissue therapy and ultrasound therapy. Group three received a combination of the aforementioned therapies. Each patient received eight treatments over a three week period, ie. three treatments in weeks one and two, and two treatments in week three. After the treatment period there was a month break from the treatment and a follow-up consultation at the end of this month. This follow-up period was used to determine the lasting effects of the treatment protocol. The subjective data was collected with the use of the McGill Pain Questionnaire. The objective data was obtained from readings on the digital inclinometer, showing the extent of the ankle range of motion in dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, as well as from muscle activity levels in the triceps surae complex, recorded with the use of electromyography. Depending on normality being reached, both parametric testing and non-parametric tests were used to analyse the data. These tests were conducted on a 95% confidence level. The results indicated that all three treatments were in treating acute Achilles tendinitis. Treatment received by group one caused a generalized increase in EMG muscle activity levels specifically in the triceps surae, where as group two and group threes' treatment protocols caused an overall decrease in EMG muscle activity levels in the triceps surae. Group one showed the greatest improvement achieved in ankle range of motion in both dorsiflexion and plantarflexion throughout the study. And group one and group three showed the most significant response to treatment in terms of 100% reduction of pain and return to activity. Overall it was deduced that chiropractic manipulative and mobilization therapy were very effective in creating an increase in range of motion of the ankle joint as well as causing a significant improvement in reduction of pain in the Achilles tendon. It was noted that soft tissue therapy was beneficial in certain cases in terms of causing a relaxation in the triceps surae, as well as clearing any scar (fibrin) tissue found in the Achilles tendon. In summary group three showed the best response to treatment carried out in the study. The therapy used in group three not only directly treats the pathological injured-,Achilles tendon and associated triceps surae, but also the kinetic chain, thereby correcting any biomechanical dysfunction that could potentially be the cause of tension overload in the Achilles tendon. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Chiropractic en_US
dc.subject Manipulation (Therapeutics) en_US
dc.title A comparative study of soft tissue therapy and ultrasound therapy versus Chiropractic manipulative and mobilization therapy, or a combination of both treatments in the treatment of acute Achilles Tendinitis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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