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The U.S. brokered settlement of the Namibian dispute, 1988

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. H.J. van Aswegen en_US
dc.contributor.author Ramabulana, Ravele I.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-12T09:18:38Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-12T09:18:38Z
dc.date.issued 2012-09-12
dc.date.submitted 1999
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7604
dc.description M.A. en_US
dc.description.abstract In January 1981, the Reagan administration entered office. Its dominant trend of thinking focussed on Angola - not Namibia - as the Southern African issue that demanded urgent attention. It was against this background that the concept of 'linkage' was introduced. This elevated the question of Cuban forces in Angola to the centre stage of negotiations. This question, the removal of Cuban forces in Angola, became the pretext for preventing the implementation of UNSCR 435, 1978. The destiny of Namibia was caught up in a powerful legacy of East - West conflict. However, as early as March 1986, the Soviet Union, under Mikhail Gorbachev, pronounced its readiness in finding a political solution to the Angolan conflict as part of a broader policy decision to seek negotiated solutions to all regional conflicts. The Soviet Union came to regard its involvement in distant regional conflicts as an unnecessary expensive luxury, in that they fuelled the arms race and deprived it of access to Western investment and technology. A window of opportunity for the settlement of Southern Africa 's problems was opened up by Gorbachev 's perestirofika. The Reagan administration took full advantage of this glorious development, since it wanted to wrap up the Namibia - Angola question before its time ran out. This was coupled with a desire to prove that 'linkage' had been a success . The Angolan war was unwinnable. No one was winning on the ground . Therefore , everyone wanted to win at the table. Each side had good reasons for wanting to see the war ended, but no one was prepared to admit it. Eight months of almost continuous negotiations between Angola Cuba and South Africa, with the United States acting as a mediator, on a regional peace settlement involving Namibian independence, culminated in the signing of the Tripartite Agreement on 22 December 1988. This finally established April 1, 1989 as the date of starting the implementation of UN security council Resolution 435 of 1978, involving a transitional phase leading to full independence of Namibia. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Namibia - History - 1946-1990 en_US
dc.subject Namibia - Politics and government - 1946-1990 en_US
dc.subject Namibia - Foreign relations - United States en_US
dc.subject United States - Foreign relations - Namibia en_US
dc.subject Namibia - Foreign relations - Soviet Union en_US
dc.subject Soviet Union - Foreign relations - Namibia en_US
dc.subject International mediation - Research - Namibia en_US
dc.title The U.S. brokered settlement of the Namibian dispute, 1988 en_US
dc.type Mini-Dissertation en_US

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