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Modelling and design of a latent heat thermal storage system with reference to solar absorption refrigeration

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. C.P. Storm en_US
dc.contributor.author Kantole, Joseph Basakayi
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-24T06:09:15Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-24T06:09:15Z
dc.date.issued 2012-10-24
dc.date.submitted 2012-10-15
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7883
dc.description M.Ing. en_US
dc.description.abstract The research in this thesis focuses on the theoretical thermal modelling and design of a Latent Heat Storage system (LHS) for an absorption refrigeration machine. A shell-and-tube latent heat storage exchanger retaining any excess solar thermal energy is selected. Here, solar thermal energy supplied by a collector is transferred to and stored by the LHS. During low insolation, stored thermal energy is transferred by a Heat Transfer Fluid (HTF) into the generator, a component of an Ammonia Absorption Refrigerator (AAAR), to ensure efficiency of the cooling cycle. The shell-and-tube LHS contains Phase Change Material (PCM) which fills space outside the tube heat exchangers. The HTF flowing through the tubes exchanges thermal energy with the PCM. The selection of a suitable PCM for a LHS is based on several factors. A primary criterion for an efficient, reliable storage unit is the correct melting point of the PCM at a desired operating temperature of the heating application. An analytical model describing both the freezing process in the PCM and increased HTF temperature in the tube heat exchangers is investigated. The model is developed using energy balance equations. It is solved in terms of dimensionless parameters. The thermal resistance of the tube heat exchangers is considered for this model. From the result of the analytical model, the design approach to size the LHS is provided and the different steps are given in order to determine the volume, mass, number of tube heat exchangers, inner and outer radius of the tube heat exchangers and other parameters of the LHS. The dimensions of LHS are given as a function of a storage period, PCM properties, HTF properties, inner and outer radius of the tube heat exchangers, material of construction of the tube heat exchangers and the nature of load on the heating process. Simulations from the analytical model developed are provided for the output thermal parameters of the storage system. These thermal parameters of the shell-and-tube latent exchanger are given in terms of the HTF outlet temperature, the front solidification of the PCM and the heat transfer rate during the solidification process of the PCM. A case study to demonstrate the application of the design approach with respect to the size shell-and-tube latent heat exchanger is provided.The integration of the tube heat exchangers thermal conductivity in the modelling of the LHS resulted in an increase of 2% in mass of the storage material compared to an analytical model neglecting the thermal conductivity of the tube heat exchangers. The results of the model developed compared well with the results obtained from other analytical models at similar operating conditions. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Solar thermal energy en_US
dc.subject Heat storage en_US
dc.subject Heat exchangers en_US
dc.title Modelling and design of a latent heat thermal storage system with reference to solar absorption refrigeration en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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