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A critical analysis of the representations of gender and sex in newspaper reports on HIV and AIDS

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dc.contributor.advisor Prof. Steven Friedman, Prof. Leila Patel, Dr. Colin Chasi en_US
dc.contributor.author Omarjee, Nadira Ismail
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-07T15:02:01Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-07T15:02:01Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11-07
dc.date.submitted 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10210/8149
dc.description D.Phil. en_US
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study is to critically analyse representations of gender and sex in newspaper reports on HIV and AIDS in the hope of improving messaging around HIV and AIDS. Within the scope of this study observations are made at the conclusion of each case study so as to inform prevention campaigns and media on more appropriate ways of representing gender and sex and HIV and AIDS. These observations serve as guidelines to inform journalists and civil society on how better to message HIV and AIDS and sexuality. Mutual recognition is used as the theoretical standpoint for understanding sexuality by emphasizing the premise of respect for self and other. Mutual recognition is used as the critical lens to rethink gender beyond constructions of masculinity and femininity, race, class and sexuality; looking for the moments and opportunities for recognition between both masculine and feminine subjects as well as for narratives on sameness and difference beyond race, class and sexuality. Mutual recognition is also the way forward for resisting phallogocentrism and shifting representation away from the workings of male hegemony. The theoretical framework used in this study is based on feminist psychoanalysis and feminist media interpretation. Special mention is given to the work of Jessica Benjamin, Donna Haraway and Jane Flax; on account of their reception of Freudian theory of the oedipal complex showing ways of rethinking the oedipal complex and gender differentiation. Foucault’s work on representation shows how we can rethink language to better serve the notion of mutual recognition, placing importance on concepts such as respect, responsibility and caring for self and other in ways that go beyond race/ethnicity, class, sex/gender or sexuality. Eros and thanatos (life and death drives) is nuanced to highlight how jouissance or the ‘little death’ (orgasm) is a way of resolving the tension between these opposing drives by shifting discourse away from sex and taboo or death towards sex and pleasure and thus emphasizing eros and mutual recognition. The study is concluded with a set of guidelines for representing gender and sex in relation to HIV and AIDS. It is significant to note that this is a qualitative study that, which makes use of textual analysis and seeks to offer a measure of transparency and accountability to the interpretation of selected texts. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject HIV infections reporting en_US
dc.subject AIDS (Disease) in mass media en_US
dc.subject Sex discrimination against women
dc.subject Journalism - Social aspects
dc.title A critical analysis of the representations of gender and sex in newspaper reports on HIV and AIDS en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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